Diagnosing Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is very rampant in various parts of the world. It is really alarming to notice the increasing numbers of diabetic patients throughout the globe. Prevention does not only stop with the drive to cease a disease from occurring but also the early detection of diabetes in patients. Diagnosing this type of disease will be very important because physicians will be able to manage the condition at its early stage. A good glucose monitoring system will take precedence after having confirmed the diagnosis of diabetes.
There are various ways to diagnose the occurrence of diabetes mellitus by using a glucose meter. FPG or fasting plasma glucose test is used to detect diabetes in patients. In this procedure, the blood glucose of a patient is measured when he didn’t consume anything for at least eight hours. An OGTT or oral glucose tolerance test may also be performed to measure the blood glucose of a patient subsequent to having a fast for at least eight hours and two hours after drinking a beverage, which contains glucose. Both of these procedures are utilized to diagnose prediabetes and diabetes. A random plasma glucose procedure, also termed as the normal blood glucose test, determines blood glucose without considering the patient’s previous meal time. This diagnostic test, along with a thorough assessment of manifestations, is utilized to only diagnose diabetes.
Results of these tests may indicate that a patient has diabetes must be confirmed by having a second examination on the next day. The fasting plasma glucose test is commonly utilized due to its cost effectiveness and convenience. Nevertheless, it may miss some prediabetes or diabetes, which can be determined by using OGTT. FPG is the most steadfast procedure when performed during mornings. People may have an IFG result or impaired fasting glucose when they have a FPG level of 100-125 milligrams per deciliter. The development of type 2 diabetes is higher in patients with IFG results.
Research studies have discovered that OGTT is more unswerving than FPG test for detecting prediabetes, although it is less suitable to administer. This procedure necessitates fasting for no less than eight hours before the procedure then the blood glucose level is gauged right away before and after two hours after a patient drinks a beverage which contains 75 grams of sugar diluted with water. An IGT or impaired glucose tolerance result will be obtained when the patient has a blood glucose level of 140-199 milligrams per decilitre. Having an IGT result means that the patient has an increased predisposition of having type 2 diabetes however, he doesn’t have it yet.